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[悬赏]竞争正在进行:区块链将如何改变政府 (已翻译75%)

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英文原文:The Race is On: How Blockchain Will Change Governments
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admin 发布于 2017-06-02 09:49:28 (共 4 段, 本文赏金: 22元)
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我们正处在一个全球性的交叉点,如果我们成功解决了一些过去几十年产生的问题,这个世界会变得更好。当互联网在28年前开始发展,其目的本是创造一个去中心化的网络。然而,我们最后得到了的是一个掌握在少数极强大公司手里的互联网。其结果是,任何一件大公司出了问题都会影响百万计的用户。几个月前发生了这么一例,亚马逊出了小差错,或者是拼写错误,导致了数以百万用户的网络中断。

Berners-Lee先生在2016年的Decentralised Web Summit会议上解释说

“互联网本来是设计成为一个人人都能参与的去中心化的网络,每个人有自己的域名和服务器。但相反的,我们现在的处境是个人数据都被锁在了这些壁垒里”

幸运的是,一项可以解决这种问题的新科技已经出现了,它可以把互联网带回原意,一个人人可以参与且数据掌握在产生者手里的去中心化网络。这就是区块链,它是比特币的技术底层,高盛描述为可以适合一切的技术。区块链是分布式账本,或分布式数据库。它可以实现去信任中介的点对点交易,同时数据不可篡改,可溯源防伪。可以说区块链能做到互联网的共享信息。

KlausV587
翻译于 2017-07-25 08:06:08
 

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KlausV587

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各种机构和组织正在努力研究区块链技术

很多机构已经开始研究区块链技术的各种可能性了,尽管目前还集中于金融服务领域。R3伙伴计划,一个包含了约70家最大的金融机构的组织,正在研究分布式记账技术对金融机构到底意味着什么。除了R3,4家最大的国际银行正在瑞士银行UBS的带领下建立了“通用清算币”,这是一个相对应于由各家中央银行发行之货币的数字货币。 他们想要建立一个以秒而不是以天为单位进行事务处理的清算系统。另一个例子使澳大利亚邮政,最近声称为了维多利亚州的选举,建立了一套基于区块链的电子投票系统。

另外还有众多的创业公司在几乎所有的领域里尝试开发区块链解决方案。一个很有意思的领域就是身份验证。我们目前的身份验证方式正在经受多种挑战,老式的基于模拟文档的验证方式太容易被伪造了。身份盗窃问题困扰了数百万的人们,每年造成的损失也以数十亿计。身份验证问题已经是个烫手山芋,以至于不少机构不得不依赖于(KYC)也就是面对面验证这种不友好而且增加无谓成本的方式。最后,尽管我们已经处于21世纪,据世界银行估计仍有15亿人没有被授予官方认可的身份文件。这就导致了这些人无法使用银行,没有工作保险,也无法享有教育和其他的基本人权。

greenflute
翻译于 58天前
 

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正在开发区块链方案的初创公司

幸运的是,一些初创公司正在致力开发基于区块链的数字身份认证方案。这些公司包括ShoCard, BitNation和BanQu. ShoCard开发了一个基于区块链的身份认证系统,它使得个人,企业和政府机构能在私密安全的方式下建立、验证和交换身份信息。BitNation则为难民提供身份认证。BanQu则是一个电子身份信息平台,用户可以建立包含各种个人信息的电子身份文件,用以访问不同机构。此外,Sovrin是一个正在开发一个全球性的去中心化身份网络的非营利性基金。他们打算实现目前缺失的网络身份验证层,目标是在开源的分布式分类账技术基础上,使得所有人和机构可以创建可移动可自治的数字身份。同时,每个人能够有效管理自己的身份而不会被别人盗用。长远来说,拥有了一个区块链上的身份就有望解决长期以来困扰人们的身份盗用和身份验证问题。

KlausV587
翻译于 2017-07-26 23:22:30
 

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How Governments Are Affected by Blockchain

As a result, governments are waking up and discovering the potential that Blockchain has to offer. Several countries are experimenting with recording land title ownership on the Blockchain.  Countries such as SwedenHonduras andGeorgia are testing Blockchain technology, although Honduras’ attempts have recently stalled. They are building a land registry that is transparent, permits stress-free registration while respecting land ownership. Registering property ownership, such as land titles, on the blockchain has multiple advantages such as significantly reducing manual errors, while improving security processes for transferring documents, mortgage or contracts.

Other countries are more advanced in their Blockchain developments. Estonia has developed a praised e-residency program. The program is built using Blockchain technology and it enables anyone to apply for an Estonian e-Residency. While this does not allow you to vote in the country, it does, once accepted, enable you to benefit from the digital government services that have been developed in Estonia. As a result, you can start a company in minutes, open a bank account and start doing business. To achieve this, they are collaborating with Bitnation to offer public notary services to every Estonian e-Resident. This enables Estonia to open-up their government services globally and move towards the idea of a country without borders. It is a revolutionary approach, which focuses on efficiency benefits for companies instead of tax benefits.

Estonia is not the only country that sees the enormous potential of a Blockchain government. In 2017, Dubaiannounced to develop the first city built on the Blockchain. Although Estonia is ahead of Dubai, Dubai aims to achieve their bold vision by 2020. This vision is to become the world’s happiest city and be ranked first in the digital world. By 2020, they aim to have moved all government services and transactions to the Blockchain, making them immutable, traceable and verifiable, while reducing bureaucracy and inefficiencies. Having no bureaucracy and efficient government services certainly contributes to that vision, although they still have a long way to go.

Blockchain offers tremendous potential for the commercial world, but has as much potential for governmental services. Governments exist in a competitive, rapidly-changing and uncertain environment, where companies are attracted by efficiency and cost-reductions. Attracting these companies requires a different attitude and as such increasingly, governments need to be run like a business. As a consequence, those governments that can apply the latest technology to offer innovative services for companies operating around the globe, will develop a competitive advantage that could be worth billions. The race is on.


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